The Bible and Holy Scriptures conteyned in the Olde and Newe Testament. Geneva: Rouland Hall, 1560.
The Geneva Bible is a translation made by Puritan exiles in Geneva who fled England and the persecutions of the Catholic Queen Mary I. The text was prepared under the supervision of the Calvinist William Whittingham (ca. 1524-1579), who became minister to the English congregation at Geneva after the death of John Knox (ca. 1513-1572).
The Old Testament and Apocrypha are based mainly on the Great Bible of 1539, corrected from the original Hebrew and Greek, and compared with the Latin versions of Leo Juda and others. The New Testament is a revision of Whittingham’s 1557 Testament, based on further comparison with Theodore Beza’s Latin translation.
The Geneva Bible was made directly available to the general public and became immensely popular, with approximately 140 editions printed between 1560 and 1644. It was the edition read by William Shakespeare and John Bunyan, and carried on ‘The Mayflower’ as it transported Puritan pilgrims to the New World.